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加油奶爸:关于格鲁吉亚代孕,捐卵捐精的法律条款(中英对照)

来源:未知编辑:2020年03月07日 10:48:02
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想去,不管是使用自己的精子卵子,还是使用捐赠人的精子卵子,我们都需要全面了解一下格鲁吉亚的代孕法律。

格鲁吉亚从1997年开始就明确规定了代孕合法,夫妻或者情侣将是法律上承认的父母,而精卵捐赠人和代孕妈妈无权抚养孩子。

加油奶爸bravodaddy.com就从格鲁吉亚法律条文中的第141,143,144条来为大家做一个详细的介绍: 


Article 141. 

Fertilization by donor sperm is allowed:

精子捐赠是被允许的:

 a) In case of infertility, in case of risk of transmission of genetic disease from a husband’s part, for the purpose of single woman’s fertilization if in cases when written approval from childless parents or from single woman is obtained. In case of child birth childless parents or single woman are considered as parents with proceeding responsibilities and authorities. Donor has no right to be recognized as a father of the child born as a result of fertilization.

 a)如果不孕不育的夫妻,使用男方的精子可能会遗传疾病给孩子;如果单身女性需要精子捐助来受孕;在夫妻双方或者单身女性的同意和授权下,可以使用精子捐赠来受孕。不孕不育的夫妻或单身女性将被视为法律上的孩子父母。精子捐赠人无权被承认为父亲。

b) Fertilization is allowed to make only in clinic which has appropriate license and in case when fertilization is arranged and conducted by appropriately licensed specialist.

受精只能在具有执照的诊所内进行,并且要由获得医学执照的专业人员安排和进行受精。 

Article 143.

Extracorporeal fertilization (IVF) is allowed:

试管婴儿是被允许的

a) In case of treatment of infertility, as well as in case of risk of transmission of genetic disease on a wife’s or a husband’s part, by using sex cells or an embryo of the couple or a donor, if the couple’s written approval is obtained.

为了治疗不育症或者避免孩子遗传自男女双方的遗传病风险,在得到男女双方的允许下,使用捐赠人的精子或卵子细胞是被允许的。

b) For the purpose of transfer and growth of the embryo obtained as a result of fertilization to the uterus of another woman “surrogate mother”. The couple’s written approval is obligatory.

 在得到夫妻双方或者情侣双方的允许下,可以将胚胎植入另外一个女性(代孕妈妈)的子宫里。

c) The couple is considered to be the parents in case of the childbirth with the responsibility and authority ensuing from it. A donor or a “surrogate mother” has no right to be recognized as a parent of the born child.

 夫妻双方或者情侣双方将做为出生孩子的合法父母,捐赠人或者代孕妈妈不被认为是出生孩子的合法父母。

Article144.

For the purpose of artificial fertilization it is possible to use female and male sex cells or an embryo conserved by the method of freezing. The time of conservation is determined according to the couple’s will by established procedure.

为了达到辅助生育的目的,精子,卵子和胚胎可以用冷冻的方式保存。保存的时间将由夫妻双方或者情侣双方决定。

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